Foodsecurity Quinoa genome accelerates solutions

Quinoa

Research.

An international team of scientists, including quinoa breeding experts from Wageningen University & Research, published the complete DNA sequence of quinoa. Quinoa is the food crop that is conquering the world (Nature magazine on 8 February 2017). Quinoa is rich in essential amino acids and nutritional fibres. It does not contain gluten. The crop is important to farmers as it provides a reasonable yield. Even on poor soils. The new knowledge about quinoa DNA is already being used by breeders who are developing quinoa varieties. These grow well in saline soil and still meet the taste requirements of consumers.

DNA
The scientists determined the sequence of the DNA-building blocks of the entire quinoa genome. The total length of the DNA, the ‘genome’, consists over a little over 1.3 billion DNA building blocks (the nucleotides A, C, G or T), divided over 18 chromosomes. Printed on paper this would add up to over 500,000 pages of text.

To map the DNA building blocks, the scientists used a smart combination of various DNA sequencing techniques. While this enabled them to put together ever-larger DNA segments in the computer from the huge amount of DNA information available, it did not lead to the 18 segments which represent the 18 chromosomes. The scientists therefore applied genetic maps that were made by crossbreeding plants to determine how molecular markers were inherited by the offspring. This allowed them to place most of the DNA on 18 large DNA-strains, representing the quinoa chromosomes.

Robert van Loo, expert in quinoa breeding at Wageningen University & Research. He says it was this combination that allowed the scientists to clearly map the DNA. “We were able to determine the location on the chromosome of no less than 85% of the DNA-sequence. This is a major benefit for plant breeders.”

 
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Colorful Quinoa Salad Recipe

For this colorful Quinoa salad recipe,
is the TOTAL TIME:

Prep: 30 min. + cooling

and the YIELD: 8 servings.

ingredients

  • 2 cups water
  • 1 cup quinoa, rinsed
  • 2 cups fresh baby spinach, thinly sliced
  • 1 cup grape tomatoes, halved
  • 1 medium cucumber, seeded and chopped
  • 1 medium sweet orange pepper, chopped
  • 1 medium sweet yellow pepper, chopped
  • 2 green onions, chopped
  • DRESSING:
  • 3 tablespoons lime juice
  • 2 tablespoons olive oil
  • 4 teaspoons honey
  • 1 tablespoon grated lime peel
  • 2 teaspoons minced fresh gingerroot
  • 1/4 teaspoon salt

Directions

In a large saucepan, bring water to a boil. Add quinoa. Reduce heat; simmer, covered, 12-15 minutes or until liquid is absorbed. Remove from heat; fluff with a fork. Transfer to a large bowl; cool completely. Stir spinach, tomatoes, cucumber, peppers and green onions into quinoa. In a small bowl, whisk dressing ingredients until blended. Drizzle over quinoa mixture; toss to coat. Refrigerate until serving.

    Nutritional Facts

    3/4 cup: 143 calories, 5g fat (1g saturated fat), 0 cholesterol, 88mg sodium, 23g carbohydrate (6g sugars, 3g fiber), 4g protein. Diabetic Exchanges: 1 starch, 1 vegetable, 1 fat.

    Enjoy your tasteful Quinoa Salad.

    http://www.tasteofhome.com/recipes/colorful-quinoa-salad

    Recipe : Hot and Zesty Quinoa

    quinoa,healthfood,superfood,moroccoquinoa,glutenfree,proteïn,recipe

    TOTAL TIME for this recipe : 25 min.
    MAKES: 4 servings
    Recipe ingredients
    • 1 cup water
    • 1/2 cup quinoa, rinsed
    • 1 small onion, finely chopped
    • 1 teaspoon olive oil
    • 2 garlic cloves, minced
    • 1 can (10 ounces) diced tomatoes and green chilies
    • 2 tablespoons chopped marinated quartered artichoke hearts
    • 2 tablespoons grated Parmesan cheese
    Directions
    1. In a small saucepan, bring water to a boil. Add quinoa. Reduce heat; cover and simmer for 12-15 minutes or until liquid is absorbed. Remove from the heat; fluff with a fork.
    2. In a large skillet, saute onion in oil until tender. Add garlic; cook 1 minute longer. Add tomatoes and green chilies. Bring to a boil over medium heat. Reduce heat; simmer, uncovered, for 10 minutes. Stir in quinoa and artichoke; heat through. Sprinkle with cheese. Yield: 4 servings.
    photo and recipe by Taste of Home
    For more Quinoa recipes click here.

    PUFFED Morocco Quinoa

    Rinse the quinoa and drain well.
    Put the quinoa in a dry pan and set on fire.
    Stirring leaves you dry quinoa.
    When the quinoa as well as dry you pour a little olive oil and stir through.
    Toast the quinoa in about 10 minutes until crisp and golden.
    Stir occasionally intervening to make the quinoa cooks evenly and puffs and prevent burn in this way.
    When you hear the quinoa literally puffing you know that the quinoa is ready.
    Taste it first cautious one and if you quinoa crunchy and delicious than you spoon the quinoa on a plate and let cool.

    MoroccoQuinoa® in rice paper rolls

    Create a kaleidoscope of color and flavor with these rice paper rolls which are gluten free, low in fat and kilo-joules.

    INGREDIENTS

    • 100g (1/2 cup) MoroccoQuinoa®
    • 225ml water
    • 30g palm sugar, finely chopped
    • 5 teaspoons fish sauce
    • 1 tablespoon tamarind puree
    • 1 small garlic clove, crushed
    • 2 teaspoons lime juice
    • 3/4 teaspoon fresh ginger, finely grated
    • 400g beef rump steak
    • 2 green shallots, thinly sliced
    • 12 rice paper sheets, 22cm in diameter
    • 1 long fresh red chilli, thinly sliced diagonally
    • 12 large fresh mint leaves
    • 150g bean sprouts
    • 12 fresh coriander sprigs Select all ingredients

    METHOD

    • Step 1
      Place MoroccoQuinoa® and 185ml (3/4 cup) water in a saucepan over medium-low heat. Bring to a simmer. Simmer, stirring, for 10-12 minutes or until quinoa is tender. Cool slightly.
    • Step 2
      For sauce, place sugar, fish sauce, tamarind, garlic and remaining water in a saucepan over medium-low heat. Cook, stirring, for 3 minutes. Simmer for 2 minutes or until thickened slightly. Transfer to a bowl. Stir in juice and ginger. Cool.
    • Step 3
      Heat a chargrill over medium-high heat. Spray steak with olive oil. Season. Cook, turning, for 4 minutes for medium or until cooked to your liking. Rest for 4 minutes. Thinly slice.
    • Step 4
      Stir shallot and 3 tsp sauce into quinoa. Dip 1 rice paper sheet in cold water for 10 seconds or until starting to soften. Drain on a clean tea towel. Place on a work surface. Place 2 chilli slices and a mint leaf along centre. Top with a little quinoa mixture, bean sprouts, steak and coriander. Fold in ends. Roll up firmly to enclose filling. Repeat with remaining sheets. Serve with the remaining dipping sauce.

      NUTRITION

      • 1618 kj
        ENERGY
      • 8g
        FAT TOTAL
      • 2g
        SATURATED FAT
      • 3g
        FIBRE
      • 33g
        PROTEIN
      • 43g
        CARBS (TOTAL)
      All nutrition values are per serve

      NOTES

      For a tasty Asian dressing, combine a little of the leftover tamarind with lemon juice, fresh lemongrass, brown sugar and fish sauce.

    Author: Katrina Woodman. Image credit: Jeremy Simons.

    Product availability and info of MoroccoQuinoa® ; Email to domainelion@gmail.com or Whatsapp, call 00212 6 5259 1798

     

     

    Quinoa’s genetic secrets revealed

    Quinoa, the sacred “mother grain” of the ancient Inca civilisation suppressed by Spanish conquistadors, could become an increasingly important food source in the future thanks to genetic secrets revealed in a new study.

    Scientists said they have mapped the genome of quinoa and identified a gene that could be manipulated to get rid of the grain’s natural bitter taste and pave the way for more widespread commercial use.

    Quinoa already grows well in harsh conditions such as salty and low-quality soil, high elevations and cool temperatures, meaning it can flourish in locales where common cereal crops like wheat and rice may struggle. But the presence of toxic and bitter chemicals called saponins in its seeds has been one of the impediments to extensive cultivation.

    Plant scientist Mark Tester of King Abdullah University of Science and Technology in Saudi Arabia said the research pinpointed a gene that guides production of saponins in quinoa. This knowledge could enable breeding of quinoa without saponins, to make the seeds sweeter. Currently, quinoa grain must be processed through washing and drying after harvest to remove saponins.

    “Quinoa is currently greatly under-utilised,” said Tester, who led the research published in the journal Nature. “It is highly nutritious, with a high protein content that, importantly, has a very good balance of amino acids, which is unusual for our major grains. It is gluten free and high in vitamins and minerals, too.”

    Increased quinoa production could improve food security on a planet with unrelenting human population growth, Tester said. There are potential disadvantages to reducing saponins, perhaps increasing susceptibility to fungal infections or bird predation, Tester added.

    Quinoa, which boasts a nutty flavour, can be used the same ways as rice and wheat. It can be cooked and served on its own, turned into pasta, put in soups, eaten as a cereal or fermented to ake beer or chicha, a beverage of the Andes. The crop was sacred to the ancient Incas, who called it “chisoya mama,” or the “mother grain.”

     

    Healthy Vegan Quinoa Pancakes

    Healthy Vegan Quinoa Pancakes

    Ingredients:1 ½ cups all-purpose flour
    2 tsp baking powder
    1 tsp baking soda
    1 tbsp brown sugar
    1 tbsp maple syrup
    pinch of salt
    1 ½ cup of vegan milk with 1 tbsp vinegar
    1 tsp vanilla extract
    3 tbsp coconut oil
    ½ cup dry quinoa
    1 tbsp vegan butter

    Optional:
    Maple syrup for topping
    Fruit

    Directions:

    Cook ½ dry quinoa in 1 ½ cups of water until the quinoa is nice and fluffy about 15 minutes.
    Combine the milk with the vinegar and set aside for a few minutes. Meanwhile sift all the dry ingredients into a large bowl and combine.
    In the bowl with the milk add the maple syrup, vanilla and oil and stir well.
    Add the quinoa to the dry ingredients and combine the liquids with the dry ingredients and mix.
    Heat a pan with vegan butter or coconut oil and drop 3 tbsp worth of batter into the pan. Cook until bubbles form on the top and the sides turn brown, then flip and cook for another minute on medium heat.
    Serve on a plate and drizzle with syrup if you like.

    Enjoy!